Negotiations for a new treaty for the conservation and sustainable use of marine biodiversity in the 2/3 of the ocean that lies beyond national jurisdiction are expected to be finalised in early 2023. This paper provides initial reﬂections for supporting rapid, effective, and equitable implementation of the agreement in three areas:
- bringing the Agreement into force;
- establishing the institutional framework, including ﬁnancial mechanisms; and
- developing capacity, science, and technology.
The paper makes suggestions for encouraging wide ratiﬁcation of the BBNJ Agreement, establishing a Preparatory Commission (PrepCom), mobilizing resources, and building partnerships to advance science and capacity.