Ocean Equity Research

Fast-tracking implementation of the United Nations agreement for marine biodiversity beyond national jurisdiction

Negotiations for a new treaty for the conservation and sustainable use of marine biodiversity in the 2/3 of the ocean that lies beyond national jurisdiction are expected to be finalised in early 2023. This paper provides initial reflections for supporting rapid, effective, and equitable implementation of the agreement in three areas:

  1. bringing the Agreement into force;
  2. establishing the institutional framework, including financial mechanisms; and
  3. developing capacity, science, and technology.


The paper makes suggestions for encouraging wide ratification of the BBNJ Agreement, establishing a Preparatory Commission (PrepCom), mobilizing resources, and building partnerships to advance science and capacity.

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